Latest Publications from the Lebrilla Team!

Hua, S., et al. (2013). “Isomer-Specific LC/MS and LC/MS/MS Profiling of the Mouse Serum N-Glycome Reveals a Number of Novel Sialylated N-Glycans.” Anal Chem.
Mice are the premier mammalian models for studies of human physiology and disease, bearing extensive biological similarity to humans with far fewer ethical, economic, or logistic complications. To facilitate glycomic studies based on the mouse model, we comprehensively profiled the mouse serum N-glycome using isomer-specific nano-LC/MS and -LC/MS/MS. N-glycans were identified by accurate mass MS and structurally elucidated by MS/MS. Porous graphitized carbon nano-LC was able to separate out nearly 300 N-linked glycan compounds (including isomers) from just over 100 distinct N-linked glycan compositions. Additional MS/MS structural analysis was performed on a number of novel N-glycans, revealing the structural characteristics of modifications such as dehydration, O-acetylation, and lactylation. Experimental findings were combined with known glycobiology to generate a theoretical library of all biologically-possible mouse serum N-glycan compositions. The library may be used for automated identification of complex mixtures of mouse N-glycans, with possible applications to a wide range of mouse-related research endeavors, including pharmaceutical drug development and biomarker discovery.

Ruhaak, L. R., et al. (2013). “Chip-based nLC-TOF-MS is a highly stable technology for large-scale high-throughput analyses.” Anal Bioanal Chem.
Many studies focused on the discovery of novel biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of disease states are facilitated by mass spectrometry-based technology. HPLC coupled to mass spectrometry is widely used; miniaturization of this technique using nano-liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS) usually results in better sensitivity, but is associated with limited repeatability. The recent introduction of chip-based technology has significantly improved the stability of nano-LC-MS, but no substantial studies to verify this have been performed. To evaluate the temporal repeatability of chip-based nano-LC-MS analyses, N-glycans released from a serum sample were repeatedly analyzed using nLC-PGC-chip-TOF-MS on three non-consecutive days. With an average inter-day coefficient of variation of 4 %, determined on log10-transformed integrals, the repeatability of the system is very high. Overall, chip-based nano-LC-MS appears to be a highly stable technology, which is suitable for the profiling of large numbers of clinical samples for biomarker discovery.